Toadstool Leather Corals are a good looking coral, hardy and easy to propagate. Easy to see why the Toadstool Leather is a long-time hobby favorite. The Toadstool Leather Coral also called by some the Mushroom Leather Coral is only one of roughly 41 species of different corals, all of them commonly known as Sarcophyton Leather Corals. Toadstool Leather corals are found in shades of yellow, brown, green, brown, tan and blue. The polyps are various shades of brown, tan, green, white, or gold. As the Toadstool Leather grows older, they develop a folded appearance. The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral is relatively peaceful, but keep adequate space between them and other corals in the reef aquarium is important. Easy to maintain in the reef aquarium, the Toadstool Leather Coral is an excellent coral for the beginning through expert reef aquarist.
Lighting & Flow Requirements
The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral requires a moderate to high level of water flow and a low to moderate level of lighting. Lighting can be Power compacts, T5's, LED's or even Metal Halides. All lighting can grow Leather Corals as long as the proper level of light is provided. If a Par meter is available the appropriate lighting level is anywhere from a Par 100 all the way to a Par 250. Which is a wide range of acceptability. For lighting spectrum use between a 14-10K color spectrum for your bulbs for best coral coloration.
First allow two weeks time for the The Toadstool Leather Coral to adjust itself to its new reef aquarium. If desired you can mount your leather coral using a gel supper glue or a marine aquarium epoxy putty (which is the same as plumbers epoxy putty found in hardware stores). When deciding placement only consider a location providing moderate water current and low to moderate lighting level. Also be certain to leave enough room around your corals that they have room for growth without infringing on another corals growing room or lighting.
Diet and Feeding
Leather corals receive the majority of the nutritional requirements through the process of photosynthesis, which simply means their lighting creates symbiotic algae called zooxanthellae in the body of the leather coral which provides its nutrition. We do recommend providing supplemental food such as micro-plankton, baby brine shrimp, or foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates.
Most leather corals go through a natural process of cleansing, once in a while. Leather corals will shrink smaller and the outer skin will look strange as it sloth's itself off, shedding the top layer as it cleanses itself. Leathers may remain closed from just a few days to even a week or longer depending on the aquarium flow and other conditions, but they will reopen larger and even more beautiful than they were before.